Back-end, front-end, monolithic architecture, Headless Commerce… Some definitions
The presentation layer of a website or user interface is known as the front-end. It’s what visitors (i.e., customers) view when they visit your site. This area of your website has elements like typefaces, colors, drop-down menus, picture sliders, shopping carts, search bars, and product detail pages that users can directly interact with.
The e-commerce solution’s back end, which is managed by servers, controls the operations and data. Orders, client data, and product information are all stored in the data access layer. By processing, storing, and transmitting data to and from the side that communicates with clients, aids in the operation of websites. These tasks are completed by backend components such as the web server, application server, and database, allowing the front end to be interactive.
Monolithic architecture is how many traditional e-commerce platforms were built. It was essentially a suite of applications all in one. Your PIM, catalog, search, CMS, order management, checkout process, and all other e-commerce functionalities were all part of the same structure. To create a storefront, you would use templates and pages, so the UX was predefined and hard or impossible to modify. All the technology, architecture, languages, and frameworks were often predefined by the e-commerce suite. This is why we call this a monolith, everything is in one big block. Monolithic e-commerce platforms are outdated and present many limits in terms of agility. Each brick is integrated with one another, making it complicated, costly, and time-consuming to make changes to the platform.
Headless commerce has brought in a different approach. Headless Commerce is an e-commerce architecture that separates the front-end and back-end so that they can function independently. They are decoupled. This enables an online retailer to create a platform specifically tailored to the demands of its customers and business, which can then be upgraded or developed without lengthy development cycles.